The Impact of Corporate Income Tax on Capital Structure: Evidence from Serbian Food Industry

  • Teodora Tica University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Economics, Subotica, Serbia and Ernst & Young, Belgrade, Serbia

Abstract

Research Question: The aim of this paper is to present the effect of corporate income tax on capital structure in the food industry of the Republic of Serbia. Motivation: Based on the empirical results of Moradi & Paulet (2018) and Kuc & Kalicanin (2021), the author's aim of the research conducted in this paper is to analyse the impact of corporate income tax on the capital structure in the Republic of Serbia as a developing country with an underdeveloped capital market and to support the results of this sporadically researched area of corporate finance in the Republic of Serbia. Idea: The author believes that by determining the optimal capital structure, it could be possible to reduce the burden of corporate income tax. Given that the food industry is one of the most significant and profitable industries in the Republic of Serbia, the results of this theoretical and empirical research would be of a great benefit to the local Tax Authority and to large taxpayers. Data: The research was conducted on a sample of 250 most active companies that operated within the food industry of the Republic of Serbia in the period from 2017 to 2019. The source of data for the purposes of this research are the official financial reports of companies registered with the Serbian Business Registers Agency. Tools: Elemental descriptive statistics techniques and panel regression analysis were applied throughout the data analysis. For the purpose of data processing the author used STATA statistical software. Findings: The results confirmed the existence of a negative and statistically significant relationship between tax savings based on depreciation costs and profitability on the one hand, and capital structure, on the other. Thus, the results indicate the need of profitable companies to use high depreciation costs to provide a reduced burden of corporate income tax with a capital structure shifted to accumulated own financial resources. In addition, the results of the regression model showed the absence of a statistically significant effect of tax savings based on interest costs on capital structure. Contribution: The contribution of this paper is reflected in additional support to existing discussions on impact of corporate income taxes on capital structure. Further, the paper contributes to business practice by determining how corporate income tax burden could be reduced by choosing optimal financial mix.

Author Biography

Teodora Tica, University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Economics, Subotica, Serbia and Ernst & Young, Belgrade, Serbia

Teodora Tica  is currently a PhD candidate at Faculty of Economics in Subotica, the University of Novi Sad, in Corporate Finance, Accounting and Assurance. She received a Bachelor's and Masters' Degrees in Finance, Banking and Insurance. Her field of scientific interest is tax area of corporate finance as well as theories of capital structure.

She is a senior consultant in EY Belgrade Business Tax Advisory department. She has over three years of experience in tax advisory, audits, restructurings and due diligences projects for various local and international clients operating in numerous industries. Teodora’s skills include transaction tax, corporate income tax, VAT, transfer pricing, tax incentives, tax structuring, etc.

Published
2021-12-12
How to Cite
Tica, T. (2021). The Impact of Corporate Income Tax on Capital Structure: Evidence from Serbian Food Industry. Management:Journal Of Sustainable Business And Management Solutions In Emerging Economies, . doi:10.7595/management.fon.2021.0030
Section
Articles