Moderator Effects of the Employees’ Gender on the Correlation between Facets of Job Satisfaction and Personality Dimensions

  • Milena Nedeljković Knežević University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Geography, Tourism and Hotel Management
  • Slađana Nedeljković EPS, RB ‘Kolubara’
  • Maja Mijatov University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Geography, Tourism and Hotel Management
  • Jelena Vukonjanski Srdić University Educons, Project Management College

Abstract

Research Question: The research is oriented towards determining the moderator effects of the employees’ gender (structure) on the correlation between other research constructs, i.e., personality dimensions and job satisfaction. Motivation: Previous research on the influence of employees’ personality dimensions and gender as potential predictors of job satisfaction was also conducted in Serbia. However, no studies could be found in the literature focusing on identifying the moderating effect of the employees’ gender on correlation between job satisfaction and personality dimensions. The results would be of practical importance and applicable in human resource management practice in different organizations, particularly in transitional societies. Idea: The main subject of this research is oriented towards the employees’ dimensions of personality, according to the Big Five personality dimensions, on the one hand, and job satisfaction, on the other. The research was conducted within the conditions of transition, i.e., in the organization that will be under the organizational changes (such as privatization) in the following period. As transition may produce uncertainty of the job positions for the employees (especially within the large public-owned monopolistic enterprises), it could be considered that organizational changes, such as privatization, could affect job dissatisfaction to a significant extent. Data and Tools: The survey research was conducted within the large public-owned monopolistic enterprises in Serbia on the sample of 116 employees. Findings: The research results pointed out that the employees’ gender significantly shaped the correlation between all of the personality dimensions, on the one hand, and different facets of job satisfaction, on the other. Namely, in case of male employees, statistical significance was shown between Extraversion and Pay, Extraversion and Operating Conditions, Conscientiousness and Pay, Conscientiousness and Rewards, Neuroticism and Benefits. In case of female employees, the statistical significance was shown between Agreeableness and Benefits, Conscientiousness and Benefits and finally between Neuroticism and Supervision. Contribution: The obtained results may have practical implications in the form of providing the database for further improvement of the human resource management within the transitional economies, such as Serbian.

Author Biographies

Milena Nedeljković Knežević, University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Geography, Tourism and Hotel Management

Milena Nedeljkovic Knezevic is an Associate professor at the Faculty of Sciences, University of Novi Sad. She graduated with PhD in Human resource management in 2009 at the Faculty of Technical Sciences, University of Novi Sad. She defended her second PhD dissertation in 2016, in the area of Behavioral economics at the Faculty of Economics and the Faculty of Philosophy (interdisciplinary), University of Novi Sad. Her research interests are within the area of management, management of human resources, organizational behaviour and entrepreneurship.

Slađana Nedeljković, EPS, RB ‘Kolubara’

Sladjana Nedeljković, graduated  and earned her interdisciplinary PhD in sociology and tourism at the University of Novi Sad. She is employed at the mining basin “Kolubara”. She is actively engaged in organization and lecturing at cultural and humanitarian manifestations. Her research interests include: cultural tourism, sociology of culture, organizational culture.

Maja Mijatov, University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Geography, Tourism and Hotel Management

Maja Mijatov is a research associate at the Faculty of Sciences, University of Novi Sad. Her main fields of interest are the following: business ethics, ethical climate, corporate social responsibility, business performances, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, service orientation, management, human resources.

Jelena Vukonjanski Srdić, University Educons, Project Management College

Associate professor at the Department of Management and Project Management. Her research interests are: Organizational and National Culture (GLOBE model), Organizational Behavior, Human Resource Management, Leadership and Organizational management.

Published
2020-04-28
How to Cite
Nedeljković Knežević, M., Nedeljković, S., Mijatov, M., & Vukonjanski Srdić, J. (2020). Moderator Effects of the Employees’ Gender on the Correlation between Facets of Job Satisfaction and Personality Dimensions. Management:Journal Of Sustainable Business And Management Solutions In Emerging Economies, . doi:10.7595/management.fon.2020.0003
Section
Articles